Treatment for Gingivitis in Humans - Comprehensive Guide

Jan 10, 2024


Gingivitis, a common gum disease, affects many individuals worldwide. If left untreated, it can progress into more severe oral health issues. At Teeth at Tiong Bahru, we are dedicated to providing exceptional dental care in the areas of general dentistry, dentists, and orthodontists. In this comprehensive guide, we will dive deep into the causes, symptoms, and effective treatment options for gingivitis in humans.

Understanding Gingivitis

Gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums, often caused by the accumulation of plaque and bacteria. It is characterized by symptoms such as redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. If you notice any of these signs, it is crucial to seek professional dental assistance promptly.

The Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene practices, which lead to the build-up of plaque. Plaque is a sticky film that forms on the teeth and contains harmful bacteria. Other contributing factors include hormonal changes, certain medications, smoking, and systemic diseases.

Common Symptoms of Gingivitis

Recognizing the symptoms of gingivitis is essential for early diagnosis and treatment. Common symptoms include:

  • Red and swollen gums
  • Gum tenderness or pain
  • Bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Receding gumline
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • Changes in bite or the way teeth fit together

Professional Treatment Options

At Teeth at Tiong Bahru, our team of skilled dentists and orthodontists offers a variety of treatment options to effectively address gingivitis and restore your oral health. Here are some of the common treatment approaches:

1. Dental Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing)

Dental cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, is a non-surgical procedure that involves the removal of plaque and tartar from the teeth and beneath the gumline. This thorough cleaning helps eliminate the bacteria causing gingivitis and allows the gums to heal.

2. Antibiotic Therapy

In some cases, our dentists may prescribe antibiotics to combat the bacterial infection associated with gingivitis. Antibiotic therapy can be administered orally or as a topical gel to control and reduce the harmful bacteria in the gums.

3. Deep Cleaning with Laser Therapy

Deep cleaning with laser therapy is a modern and highly effective treatment approach for gingivitis. This minimally invasive technique uses laser energy to remove plaque and improve gum health with improved precision and comfort.

4. Oral Hygiene Education

Our team places significant emphasis on educating patients about proper oral hygiene practices. We provide personalized guidance on brushing techniques, flossing, and selecting dental products that can help maintain a healthy smile and prevent gingivitis recurrence.

5. Lifestyle and Behavior Modifications

We believe in a holistic approach to dentistry and may suggest lifestyle and behavior modifications that can support your oral health. This can include dietary recommendations, smoking cessation programs, and stress management techniques.

Preventing Gingivitis

Prevention is always better than cure, and maintaining good oral hygiene is essential for preventing gingivitis. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth.
  • Use an antimicrobial mouthwash to reduce bacteria in the mouth.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and check-ups.
  • Avoid smoking and tobacco products.
  • Maintain a well-balanced diet and limit sugary snacks and beverages.
  • Manage stress levels as stress can contribute to gum disease.


Gingivitis is a common oral health issue that can be effectively treated with the right approach. At Teeth at Tiong Bahru, we are committed to providing the highest quality dental care and helping you achieve optimal oral health. If you are experiencing symptoms of gingivitis, don't hesitate to schedule an appointment with our experienced team for a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan.

treatment for gingivitis in humans